Captain Pearkes – VC at Passchendaele | Source: Canada. War Records Office, Roberts, Theodore Goodridge, Richards, Robin, & Martin, Stuart. (1918). Thirty Canadian V.Cs, 23rd April 1915 to 30th March 1918. London,: Skeffington. | A 4-page account of how Captain George Randolph Pearkes (who was an acting Major) of the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles earned the Victoria Cross near Passchendaele, in late October, 1917.
Cpl Barron VC at Passchendaele | Source: Canada. War Records Office, Roberts, Theodore Goodridge, Richards, Robin, & Martin, Stuart. (1918). Thirty Canadian V.Cs, 23rd April 1915 to 30th March 1918. London,: Skeffington. | A 4-page document that recounts how Corporal Colin Barron, of the 3rd Battalion earned the Victoria Cross during the Battle of Passchendaele.
Lt. O’Kelly wins the VC at Passchendaele | Source: Canada. War Records Office, Roberts, Theodore Goodridge, Richards, Robin, & Martin, Stuart. (1918). Thirty Canadian V.Cs, 23rd April 1915 to 30th March 1918. London,: Skeffington. | A 4-page account of how Lieutenant (acting Captain) Christopher Patrick John O’Kelly, of the 52 Battalion won the Victoria Cross during the Battle of Passchendale in the fall of 1917.
Passchendaele | Source: Goodspeed, D. J. (1967). The Armed Forces of Canada, 1867-1967: A Century of Achievement [Source link] | A 4-page excerpt from a military retrospective produced for Canada’s Centennial in 1967. “As the Canadians moved forward into the line, they stared in amazed disbelief at the battlefield over which they would be expected to advance. The whole area was covered with water or mud so deep that men had to move at a snail’s pace, often being forced to wade up to their waists. And that was on the firmer ground. In some places, even infantry could not cross the halfmile-wide bogs.”
Passchendaele – Canada’s Other Vimy Ridge | Source: Leach, Norman S. (2008). Passchendaele – Canada’s other Vimy Ridge. Canadian Military Journal, 9(2), 73-82. | A 10-page article from a military journal that discusses Canadian participation in the Battle of Passchendaele. “At precisely 0540 hours on 26 October 1917, Canadian heavy machine guns opened fire. Two minutes later, every gun in the Canadian batteries was simultaneously firing…. Mortars bombarded pillboxes, and barbed wire was blown out of the way. The barrage was not like those at Vimy, where a single curtain of shells had fallen onto the battlefield. At Passchendaele, seven distinct lines of bombardment were utilized. In all 20,000 Canadian foot soldiers crawled out of dugouts and trenches, advancing under a mist that quickly turned to rain. The rolling barrage provided some protection, but it moved so quickly and was so complex that it permitted German gunners to target the advancing Canadians.”
Passchendaele, October-November 1917 | Source: Nicholson, Colonel G.W.L. (1964). Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919: Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War. Authority of the Minister of National Defense. | A 37 page extract that provides puts the Canadian actions in Passchendaele into proper perspective and then provides a full account of the offensive near Passchendaele in which the Canadians played a significant role. “Passchendaele, a typical crossroads village in Flanders [Belgium], has given its name to an entire campaign; though officially the designation belongs only to the two last of eight battles [which are generally] known collectively as “Ypres 1917”, or “Third Ypres”. In this series of operations, which began at the end of July, the role of the Canadian Corps comprised the diversionary efforts in the Lens area already described and the four attacks between 26 October and 10 November which constituted the Second Battle of Passchendaele. Because of the wide notoriety attained by these battles and the bitter and prolonged controversy which they occasioned the reasons for the decision to undertake them merit careful consideration.”
Passchendaele: October-November, 1917 | Source: Steele, Harwood. (1920). The Canadians in France, 1915-1918. Toronto: Copp, Clark. | A 28-page excerpt that describes the Canadian participation in the Second Battle of Passchendaele (26 October and 10 November 1917), which was the final Allied offensive along the Belgian front in 1917. “When the Canadians came into the line in sight of Passchendaele the wet season had arrived and the whole of the battle area was a quagmire-a veritable Slough of Despond. In this quagmire the British Army had been struggling with indomitable valour, driving the enemy from ridge to ridge with a dogged determination which was proof against mud, rain, wounds, shell fire, bullets and fatigue. The weather and the ever-growing strength of the enemy due to the collapse of Russia were now in alliance against us, and the offensive had reached a stage where loss of momentum made further sustained effort useless.”
Private Holmes earns VC at Passchendaele | Source: Canada. War Records Office, Roberts, Theodore Goodridge, Richards, Robin, & Martin, Stuart. (1918). Thirty Canadian V.Cs, 23rd April 1915 to 30th March 1918. London,: Skeffington. | A 3-page account of how Private Thomas William Holmes, of the 4th Canadian Mounted Rifles earned the Victoria Cross during the Battle of Passchendaele in the fall of 1917.
The Battle of Passhendaele | Source: Passchendaele. (2011). 3. Retrieved from Veterans Affairs Publications: Canada Remembers – First World War website | Produced by Veterans Affairs Canada, this is a 3-page account of the role played by Canadians in the Battle of Passchendaele.