175th Battalion – Officers and men | Source: Canadian Expeditionary Force 175th Battalion Nominal Roll of Officers and Men – Library and Archives Canada. | A 17 page document containing the names of everyone who was in the 175th Battalion – among which there are a significant number of Japanese names. Japanese men wanting to enlist could not do so in British Columbia, their home province, but instead made their way to Alberta to enlist (later in the war, when they were accepted at all.)
Ethnic Immigration Statistics 1911-1917 | Source: Canada Year Book 1918.
Immigration by origin 1911-1917 | Source: Dominion Bureau of Statistics Canada. (1917). Canada Year Book 1916-17 Retrieved from: http://www65.statcan.gc.ca/acyb_r000-eng.htm | A single page table that shows how many people arrived in Canada of different nationalities.
Colored Men Are Barred [From Royal Air Force] | Source: Toronto Telegram 28 August 1918 via: http://www.learnquebec.ca/en/content/curriculum/social_sciences/features/missingpages/unit5/u5p102.htm
Komagata Maru Incident | Dominion Bureau of Statistics Canada. (1915). Canada Year Book 1914 Retrieved from Full text available at: http://www65.statcan.gc.ca/acyb_r000-eng.htm | The official summary of the incident – approx. 1 page.
Rejection of Black Volunteers | Source: Ruck, Calvin W., & Society for the Protection and Preservation of Black Culture in Nova Scotia. (1986). Canada’s black battalion : No. 2 Construction, 1916-1920. Halifax: Society for the Protection and Preservation of Black Culture in Nova Scotia. (Available on line at: http://www.ourroots.ca/e/page.aspx?id=3575847). | A 10 page book chapter about the black Canadians who tried to enlist, but were refused.
Native Soldiers – Foreign Battlefields | Source: Veterans Affairs Canada, 2005. Remembrance Series. http://www.veterans.gc.ca/public/pages/remembrance/those-who-served/aboriginal-veterans/native-soldiers/natives_e.pdf | A 54 page document
Treatment of Enemy Aliens in Canada | Source: Hopkins, J. Castell. (1918). Canadian annual review war series – 1914. Toronto: The Canadian Annual Review Ltd. | A 12 page extract that looks at who were considered “enemy aliens” during the First World War, and what was done with them.
Letters Re: Enlistment of ‘Colored People’ in the CEF | Source: Library and Archives Canada: NA – RG 24, Vol. 1206, File 297-1-21 (online version: http://ns1758.ca/ruck/conbat2a.html) | A 3 page document containing letters to and from the Minister of Militia regarding Canada’s policies with regard to the enlistment of persons of color.
Aboriginal participation in military service | Source: Moses, John. (2000). Aboriginal participation in Canadian military service: Historic and contemporary contexts. The Army Doctrine and Training Bulletin: Canada’s Professional Journal on Army Issues, 3(3), 14-18. | A 5 page article regarding aboriginal participation in the CEF.
Japanese Canadian War Memorial | Nikkei Images – National Nikkei Museum and Heritage Centre Newsletter ISSN#1203-9017 Autumn 2005, Vol. 10, No. 3 The newsletter contains reprints of a number of articles about the Japanese Canadian War Memorial in Stanley Park, which was dedicated on April 9, 1920 – notably the aniversary of the start of the Battle of Vimy Ridge.
African Canadians and WWI | Source: Mathieu, Sarah-Jane. (2010). North of the color line: Migration and Black resistance in Canada, 1870-1955. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. | A 9 page book excerpt that explores the difficulties that black men had in getting accepted for the army and then the racism and intolerance the men faced as soldiers.
Record of oriental immigration 1901-1917 | Source: Dominion Bureau of Statistics Canada. (1917). Canada Year Book 1916-17 Retrieved from: http://www65.statcan.gc.ca/acyb_r000-eng.htm | A single page table that shows Chinese, Japanese, and “Hindoo” immigration between 1901 and 1917.
An act respecting Chinese Immigration | Source: Canada. (1923). An Act respecting Chinese immigration [aka “Chinese Exclusion Act”. Ottawa: Printed by Joseph de Labroquerie Taché, Law Printer to the King’s Most Excellent Majesty. | The act that closed all but off Chinese Immigration to Canada for about 25 years.
Principal Events of 1914 | Source: Dominion Bureau of Statistics Canada. (1915). Canada Year Book 1914 Retrieved from Full text available at: http://www65.statcan.gc.ca/acyb_r000-eng.htm | A 2 page document that looks at the recent Canadian policies with regard to “oriental” immigration.
Chinese Immigration, Oriental Immigration | Source: Dominion Bureau of Statistics Canada. (1917). Canada Year Book 1916-17 Retrieved from Full text available at: http://www65.statcan.gc.ca/acyb_r000-eng.htm | A 2 page document containing 2 interesting tables 1) “Record of Chinese Immigration 1886-1917” -located bottom of first page. 2) “Record of Oriental Immigration 1901-1917 – located top of page 2 and broken down numbers of Chinese, Japanese, and “Hindoo” immigrants to Canada).
Racial Origins and Racial Percents in Canada 1871-1921 | Source: Dominion Bureau of Statistics Canada. (1923). Canada Year Book 1922 Retrieved from Full text available at: http://www65.statcan.gc.ca/acyb_r000-eng.htm | A single page document showing tables regarding the origins of the Canadian population.
Racial origins of the Canadian population over 100 years | Source: Statistics Canada – Drawing from previous census data.
Canadian Indians and Great War | Source: Military Advisory Board., Major-General Otter., Major-General Lessard., Colonel Hendrie., & Colonel Lang. (Eds.). (1919). Canada in the Great World War: An authentic account of the military history of Canada from the earliest days to the close of the war of nations (Vol. 3: Guarding the Channel Ports). Toronto, Canada: United Publishers of Canada, Ltd. A long chapter with a good number of photos that looks at the record of the Aboriginal men who were part of the CEF.
It would be best to leave us alone | Source: Talbot, Robert J. (2011). ” It Would Be Best to Leave Us Alone”: First Nations Responses to the Canadian War Effort, 1914-18. Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d’études canadiennes, 45(1), 90-120. | A 32 page article about First Nations responses to the war.
Lest We Forget: The Black Battalion | Phillips, Erica. (2010). Lest we forget: The ‘Black Battalion’. Sway, February 16. A short article about the No. 2 Construction Battalion in the First World War.
‘A white man’s war’ | Source: Opinion Column for The Kingston Whig-Standard (2013). “A white man’s war”. Susanna McLeod. A 4 page opinion piece discussing why it was that the First World War can be seen as a “white man’s war”.
Rejection of Immigrants | Source: Dominion Bureau of Statistics Canada. (1917). Canada Year Book 1916-17 Retrieved from Full text available at: http://www65.statcan.gc.ca/acyb_r000-eng.htm | An interesting table from the Canada Year Book from 1916-17 that shows the principal causes as to why (and how many) immigrants were refused entry to Canada between 1903 and 1917 – It also shows the number of deportations and the reasons given.
Losses Sustained by Japanese after Vancouver Riots | Source: Canada, Royal Commission Regarding Losses Sustained by the Japanese Population of Vancouver British Columbia on the occasion of the Riots in that City in September King William Lyon Mackenzie. (1908). Report by W. L. Mackenzie King, c. M. G., Deputy Minister of Labour, Commissioner, appointed to investigate into the losses sustained by the Japanese population of Vancouver, B.C. on the occasion of riots in that city in September 1907. Ottawa: S. E. Dawson. – a 23 page document containing the Commission report prepared by future Prime Minister MacKenzie King.
Race and Recruitment in World War I: Enlistment of Visible Minorities in the Canadian Expeditionary Force | | Source: Walker, J. W. S. G. (1989). Race and recruitment in World War I: Enlistment of visible minorities in the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Canadian Historical Review, 70(1), 1-26. | A 26 page article from a historical journal that examines the experience of Black, Chinese & Japanese, and Aboriginal Canadians in terms of enlisting in the war as well as fighting in the war on behalf of Canada. This article demands a strong reading ability as it contains dense text with a lot of footnotes and contains a few challenging words. It is not beyond the grasp of a bright grade 11 student. “During World War I about 3500 [North American] Indians, over 1000 blacks, and several hundred Chinesea and Japanese enlisted in the Canadian forces. To their number must be added the many who tried to enlist and were rejected.” The document contains highlighted sections to assist students in finding key sections.
Black Population in Canada 1871-1921 | Dominion Bureau of Statistics Canada. (1930). Canada Year Book 1929. Retrieved from Full text available at: http://www65.statcan.gc.ca/acyb_r000-eng.htm . | A simple pair of charts that show the percentage that the black population in Canada makes up at different times and the breakdown of population per province.
1920 Resolution Re: Immigration, Naturalization, Deportation | Resolution No. 9 – Annual Dominion Convention of the Great Veterans’ Association of Canada held Montreal 22-27 March, 1920. Library and Archives Canada. A 3 page resolution offering Canada’s Great War Veterans’ ideas about immigration, naturalization, and deportation.
Komagata Maru | Canada Year Book 1914 | A brief account of the Canadian government’s contemporary perspective of this incident.
Japanese Canadian Soldiers of the FWW | Source: Matsui, David R. (2011). Japanese Canadian soldiers of the First World War and the fight to win the vote. The Bulletin. A 9 page article from the Web that looks at the First World War experience for Japanese soldiers.
Canada in the great world war; an authentic account of the military history of Canada from the earliest days to the close of the war of the nations | Source: Extracted from: Military Advisory Board., Major-General Otter., Major-General Lessard., Colonel Hendrie., & Colonel Lang. (Eds.). (1919). Canada in the Great World War: An authentic account of the military history of Canada from the earliest days to the close of the war of nations (Vol. 3: Guarding the Channel Ports). Toronto, Canada: United Publishers of Canada, Ltd. | A 56 page extract from a book that addresses the role played by First Nations/Aboriginal soldiers in the First World War. Has a good number of illustrations.