Account of Riots in Quebec | Source: Quebec Chronicle April 2, 1918 p. 1 | A 2 page typed document containing a full account of the Quebec Easter Riots as printed in the Anglophone Quebec paper, “The Quebec Chronicle.”
An Act Respecting Military Service | Source: Canada. (1917). An Act Respecting Military Service [Assented to 29th August, 1917]. Ottawa: King’s Printer. | The full wording of the act that created conscription or compulsory military service in Canada.
Appeal of Sir Robert Borden for National Service. | Source: Borden, Robert Laird. Manifestos, 1916-17. J. de Labroquerie Taché, 1918. | A 4-page transcript of a speech given by Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden appealing for increased enlistment.
Bilingualism Question and Quebec | Source: Hopkins, J. Castell. (1918). Canadian annual review war series – 1915. Toronto: The Canadian Annual Review Ltd.| A 9-page extract that gives an account of bilingualism.
Canada at War Speech Excerpt | Source: Borden, Robert Laird. (1917). Canada at war speech delivered by Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Laird Borden … in the House of Commons, on the Imperial War Cabinet, 1917, the Imperial War Conference, 1917 ; and compulsory military enlistment, May 18th, 1917 | A 3-page document containing a speech made by Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden in the House of Commons May 18, 1917 during which time he introduces the topic of compulsory military service.
Canada is not a Sovereign State | Source: Desjardins, L. G. (1918). England, Canada and the Great war. Quebec,: Chronicle print. | A 12-page book excerpt that responds to Bourassa’s assertion that Canada should not have been automatically at war because England declared war.
Case against Conscription | Source: Bourassa, Henri. (1917). Win the war and lose Canada. Montréal?: s.n.]. | A 14-page pamphlet published by Henri Bourassa, that presents a simple argument against Conscription.
Conscription – A pamphlet by Henri Bourassa | Source: Bourassa, Henri. (1917). Conscription. Montreal: Edited by Le Devoir. | A 46-page pamphlet by Henri Bourassa – former politician, Nationalist, and opponent of the war.
- Attitude of the Nationalists
- Canada’s Military Effort
- The Economic Effort
- Why impose conscription?
- Coalition and Extension of Parliament
Conscription in Canada | Source: Military Advisory Board., Major-General Otter., Major-General Lessard., Colonel Hendrie., & Colonel Lang. (Eds.). (1918). Canada in the Great World War: An authentic account of the military history of Canada from the earliest days to the close of the war of nations (Vol. 2: Preparations for War). Toronto, Canada: United Publishers of Canada, Ltd. | A roughly 20 page extract that assesses the political and military landscape that brought about conscription. “The history of conscription in Canada is practically the history of Canadian politics for 1917 and part of 1918….”
Fair Play for the Province of Quebec | Source: Boyd, John. (1917). Fair play for the province of Quebec. Montreal: [s.n.]. | A 38 page pamphlet that demands, as the title suggests, fair play for the province of Quebec. This pamplet promotes, a nationalist agenda over an imperialist one, or what the author refers to as “Canadianism” over Imperialism. The work asks for the reader to be fairminded in her/his thoughts regarding Quebec and the war. Also tackled in the union government that Borden formed in 1917. It appears to be written during the Federal election of 1917, in support of Laurier and the Liberals.
French Canadian Nationalism and Recruiting | Source: Hopkins, J. Castell. (1918). Canadian annual review war series – 1916 (Vol. 4). Toronto: The Canadian Annual Review Ltd. | A 22-page extract dealing with French Nationalism and Military Recruiting for the war. “The War did not create a problem in or about Quebec, though it did somewhat accentuate an existing condition. The problem of race patriotism was already there and lack of knowledge as to responsibilities of Empire…”
Had Canada the Right to Help England? Source: Desjardins, L. G. (1918). England, Canada and the Great war. Quebec,: Chronicle print. | A 3-page excerpt that addresses some of Henri Bourassa’s assertions that Canada had no business getting involved in a European war.
L’Appel aux Armes Reponse Canadienne-Francaise | Source: Roy, Ferdinand. (1917). L’Appel aux armes et la réponse canadienne-française … Troisième édition, augmentée d’une réponse aux critiques, etc. Pp. 83. Québec. | A 43-page pamphlet written by a lawyer and a professor at Laval University in 1917. IN FRENCH/EN FRANCAIS and not translated to English.
Legislation for Compulsory Service | Source: Nicholson, C. G. W. L. (1964). Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919: Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War. Authority of the Minister of National Defense. | A short (2 page) extract that provides an official account of the introduction and passing of the Military Service Bill.
Les Volontaires Canadiens-Francais | Source: Asselin, Olivar. (1917). Les volontaires canadiens-français. (Discours prononcé le 28 juin 1917 à Paris, devant la section France-Canada du Comité France-Amérique. Publié dans le numéro de septembre de la revue France-Amérique.). Paris,: Comité “France-Amérique”. | November 26, 1915, Sir Sam Hughes, Minister of Militia and Defence, offered Asselin the honorary rank of Colonel, which entailed raising a battalion for the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Asselin recruited men to form the 163rd (Canadien-Francais) Battalion, CEF, known as the “Poils-aux-pattes”, made up of French-Canadian volunteers, and placed them under the command of Captain Henri Desrosiers, accepting instead the rank of Major. | An 8-page pamplet written by Asselin to encourage French -Canadian volunteers. Document is in French and is not translated into English.
Manifesto Re: Conscription | Source: Manifesto Re Conscription. (1917 (May 22)). Toronto: Domion Executive Committee. Toronto Public Library Digital Archive (1917. Manifesto. SB) – http://static.torontopubliclibrary.ca/da/images/LC/1917manifestosb.jpg. | A one-page document produced by the “Dominion Executive Committee” that alleges coercion and demands to have the people protected from graft and war profiteering.
The Military Service Act in Quebec | Source: Hopkins, J. C. (1919). Canadian annual review war series – vol. 1918. Toronto: The Canadian Annual Review Ltd. | A 2.5 page section discussing exemptions and perceived resistance to the Military Service Act in the province of Quebec.
On the Brink of Civil War | Source: Auger, Martin F. (2008). On the Brink of Civil War: The Canadian Government and the Suppression of the 1918 Quebec Easter Riots. Canadian Historical Review, 89(4), 503-540. | A rich and detailed account of the Easter Riots in Quebec City, 1918. WARNING – advanced reading material! This 38-page academic article is only for someone wanting to dig more deeply into the four days of rioting that took place over the Easter Weekend in Quebec City, 1918.
Pourquo Je M’Enrole? | Source: Asselin, Olivar. (1916). Pourquoi je m’enrôle discours prononcé au Monument national à Montréal, le 21 janvier 1916, par Olivar Asselin, major au 163e batalllon [sic] à l’armée expeditionnaire canadienne : suivi de trois lettres de Sir Robert Borden, de Sir Wilfrid Laurier et de Sir Samuel Hughes. Québec: Association civile de recrutement du district de Québec. | IN FRENCH – A pamphlet written by Quebec nationalist Olivar Asselin in order to put together a French-Canadian Battalion for the War.
Summary of 5 day Easter Riots | Drawn from: Source: Auger, M. F. (2008). On the Brink of Civil War: The Canadian Government and the Suppression of the 1918 Quebec Easter Riots. Canadian Historical Review, 89(4), 503-540. | A 2-page table that offers a skeletal account of the events over five days surrounding the Easter Riots.
The duty of Canada at the present hour : an address meant to be delivered at Ottawa, in November and December, 1914, but twice suppressed in the name of “loyalty and patriotism” | “Bourassa, Henri. (1915). The duty of Canada at the present hour:”; “An address meant to be delivered at Ottawa, in November and December, 1914, but twice suppressed in the name of ‘Loyalty and Patriotism’ (pp. 44 p.).”; Retrieved from http://archive.org/download/dutyofcanadaatpr00bouruoft/dutyofcanadaatpr00bouruoft.pdf | This is based on a speech that Bourassa was twice forbidden from giving. A former MP, Bourassa was a critic of PM Borden throughout the war and in this work he offers his opinions on why Canada should not be participating in the war. “These various feelings indicate a singular absence of a truly national patriotism. They show a marked contrast with that strong and practical sentiment which binds in one solid mass the people of other countries, the moment the vital interests of the nation are at stake. Since the outbreak of the war, the country has been flooded with “patriotic” speeches and writings; but those words have been followed with very few deeds for the good of Canada.”
The Military Service Act in Quebec | Hopkins, J. Castell. (1919). Canadian annual review of public affairs – 1918 (Vol. 18). Toronto: The Canadian Annual Review Ltd. | A 3 page extract that looks at the opposition to the Military Service Act as offered by Quebeckers.
The War Attitude of Quebec | “Source: Hopkins, J. Castell. (1918). Canadian annual review war series – 1914. Toronto: The Canadian Annual Review Ltd. | A 7-page excerpt explores the attitude of Quebec at the start of the war, including Bourassa’s opinions.”
Trades Union Position on Conscription | Source: Against Conscription: The Trades Union Position. (1917). Winnipeg, Manitoba: Anti-Conscription League. Toronto Public LIbrary Digital Archive – http://static.torontopubliclibrary.ca/da/pdfs/1917conscriptionsb.pdf | A 3-page pamphlet explaining why trade unionists were against conscription.
We are Winning–But Send us More Men! | Source: Canadian War Records Office. (1917). Canada in khaki no. 2: A tribute to the officers and men now serving in the Canadian Expeditionary Force Vol. 2. | A 2-page article in a propaganda magazine. “We, in Canada, hate war, detest its science, and are irked by the gruelling training which is necessary for so damnable a trade. But we are quick, we are adaptable, and we are thorough; and although we may be an army of civilians and are proud of it–and are determined that if we must fight, we shall still remain an army of civilians–our men in France to-day are veterans trained as severely and as thoroughly as any levies of the Kaiser’s….”
What Quebec Wants – Reply… | Source: Boyd, John. (1918). What Quebec wants. Reply of La Presse to a question from Ontario: For the English speaking people of the dominion. Montreal: Librairie Beauchemin. | A 27-page pamphlet which tries to explain the francophone position on the war and conscription to an anglophone audience pre-disposed not to listen.
Why conscription is necessary | Source: Union Government Publicity, Bureau. (1917). Why conscription is necessary voluntary enlistment is furnishing barely half enough men to replace wastage at the front. Ottawa: Union Government Publicity Bureau. | A 6-page pamphlet put out by Borden’s union government in 1917. This document provides a string of rationalizations as to why conscription was essential–beginning with statistics contrasting enlistment or recruitment with “wastage.”