“Anything New in War Work?” | Government pamphlet regarding women’s roles in the war effort. Retrieved from: http://digitalcollections.mcmaster.ca/case-study/support-and-substitution-women-s-roles-during-world-war-i
Canada’s Nursing Sisters | Source: Veterans Affairs Canada – Remembrance Series. | A 26 page document produced by Veterans Affairs Canada to celebrate Canada’s Nursing Sisters.
Canadian Nurses | Source: Drew, M.G. (1928). Canada in the Great War (p. 23-24). Toronto: Maclean’s Publishing. | A 1 page (mashed from 2) that gives a quick account of the nursing service.
The Canadian Nursing Service and the British War Office: The Debate Over Awarding the Military Cross, 1918 | Source: Fowler, T. Robert (2005) “The Canadian Nursing Service and the British War Office: The Debate Over Awarding the Military Cross, 1918,” Canadian Military History: Vol. 14: Iss. 4, Article 4. Available at: http://scholars.wlu.ca/cmh/vol14/iss4/4 | A 12-page article that tells the story of the difficulties faced when trying to honor the gallantry of several Canadian Nursing Sisters – as their situation was rather unique. “When preparing the recommendation for a gallantry award, normal practice asked submitting officers to designate the appropriate award. As the Canadian nursing sisters were officers with the relative rank of lieutenant, it therefore seemed clear to the Canadian authorities in France that they should make out the recommendation for the Military Cross, which had been created in December 1914 as a reward for junior officers. But when these recommendations arrived at General Headquarters (GHQ), they created problems.”
Canadian Women in the Great War | Source: Military Advisory Board., Major-General Otter., Major-General Lessard., Colonel Hendrie., & Colonel Lang. (Eds.). (1921). Canada in the Great World War: An authentic account of the military history of Canada from the earliest days to the close of the war of nations (Vol. 6: Special services, heroic deeds, etc.). Toronto, Canada: United Publishers of Canada, Ltd.. | A 43 page extract that looks at the role of women in the war. It is a bit dense and takes a while to get anywhere useful, but contains some good information. “Banking, railroading, insurance, the making of munitions, farming in its many branches, dairying, tramway conductors, motor drivers, operators in aeroplane factories, every one of these and countless other occupations were undertaken by women who allowed nothing to come between them and winning the war.”
Dependables and Their Work | Source: Inglis, Dr. Elsie, Leaflet, [191-] in “Support and Substitution”: Women’s Roles during World War I – McMaster University Digital Archives. | A one page leaflet about women in the workforce.
The Killing of the Nurses | Source: McKenzie, F. A. (1918). Canada’s day of glory. Toronto,: William Briggs. | An 11 page extract that tells of the bombing of a hospital in France. “The British authorities did not think the Germans would bomb a large hospital centre. And so there were no dug-outs, no bomb-proof casements, and no protection against shell splinters. The sides of the huts were not even sandbagged, and so did not present protection of any kind, except one ward, which had been rivetted. The authorities probably felt, and one can understand their feeling, that the very openness of the place was its best protection.
Selections from McClung’s “The Next of Kin” | Source: McClung, Nellie L. (1917). The next of kin: Those who wait and wonder. Toronto: T. Allen. | A collection of excerpts from Nellie McClung’s book about those who “wait and wonder” back home. These pieces look at the story of a woman whose letters have come back labelled “Killed in Action”.
The History of Women’s Suffrage in Canada | Source: http://www.sabresocials.com/Danny/Socials%2011/suffrage%20article.pdf | A 3 page summary of the Suffragist Movement in Canada.
Voluntary War Organizations | Source: Canada. (1921). Canada’s part in the Great War (3 ed.). Ottawa: Department of External Affairs, The Information Branch. | An excerpt that looks at the Canadian volunteer organizations that collected money and did good work during the war.
War and Women | Source: Denison, Flora MacDonald. (1918). War and women. Toronto, ON.: Canadian Suffrage Association. | A 7 page pamphlet that discusses the war from a woman’s perspective. “Many women are now filled with the spirit of patriotism, and the primal instinct to conserve and help is meritoriously showing itself in the work being done, but let not the glamour of victory nor the sorrow of defeat blind women ta the real important issue.”
What shall I do now? | Source: . What shall I do now? How to work for peace in Canada. (1919). Toronto: Women’s Department, Canadian Reconstruction Association. | A 12 page document dealing with work for women after the war.
Woman Suffrage | Source: Guillet. (1914). Woman Suffrage. University of Ottawa Review, 16(4), 28-29. | A 2 page article about suffrage.
Women in the Production of Munitions in Canada | Source: Canada Imperial Munitions Board. (1916). Women in the production of munitions in Canada. Ottawa: Imperial Munitions Board. | A 64 page pamphlet that celebrates the work of women in munitions factories in Canada. Highly illustrated – not much text.
Women Shellmakers in Canada: A Promising Experiment | Source: London Times, 21 November, 1916, p. 11, issue 41130, column F. | A one page news paper clip that details the practice of having women make shells and bombs.
Women’s War Talks to Women | Source: Union Government Publicity, Bureau. (1917). Women’s war talks to women. Ottawa. | A pamphlet produced by the Union Government to encourage women with a strong connection to the war to exercise their rights under the War-time Election Act and to particpate and have their say.
Women’s Work | Source: Canada. (1921). Canada’s part in the Great War (3 ed.). Ottawa: Department of External Affairs, The Information Branch. | A 3 page exploration of the work of women in the war.
Women’s work on the land… | Source: Ontario Trades and Labour Branch. (1917). Women’s work on the land: How you may assist in food production this summer. Toronto. | An 8-page pamphlet on how women can find work on farms.